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Table 1 Causes of overdiagnosis [14, 27]

From: Screening and overdiagnosis: public health implications

• Screening and increasing sensitivity of diagnostic tests
• Incidental findings following screening or diagnostic tests
• Widening diagnosis criteria
• Confusion between risk and disease
• Physician’s fear of missing a disease or their patients expectations
• Financial incentives by pharmaceutical and diagnostic test industries
• Insufficient knowledge of the natural history of the disease