Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Statutory pension ages and gender pay/earning gaps

From: Barriers and facilitators to extended working lives in Europe: a gender focus

Country Statutory pension age males (females)a Gender pay gapb, c (%) The average gender overall earning gapd, e (%)
Austria 65 (60) 22.9 46.7
Belgium 65 9.9 35.9
Bulgaria 64 years 4 months (61 years 4 months) 13.4 22.9
Croatia 65 (61 years 3 months) 15.4 23
Cyprus 65 6.5 33.7
Czech Republic 62 years 10 months (58–62) 22.1 41
Denmark 65 (67) 15.8 26.5
Estonia 63 (62 years 6 months) 28.3 32.2
Finland 63–68 (65) 18 27
France 65 15.3 32.9
Germany 65 years 3 months 21.6 45.3
Greece 67 15f 45.2f
Hungary 62 years 6 months 15.1 32.7
Iceland 67g 18.7 32.8
Ireland 66 14.4 34.7
Italy 66 years 3 months (63 years 9 months) 7.3 4.3
Latvia 62 years 6 months 15.2 16.1
Lichtenstein 64h 18i j
Lithuania 63 years 2 months (61 years 4 months) 14.8 12.3
Luxembourg 65 8.6 38.4
Malta 62 4.5 56.3
Netherlands 65 years 3 months 16.2 49.1
Norway 62–75 (67) 14.9 34.4
Poland 65 years 7 months (60 years 7 months) 6.4 29.6
Portugal 66 14.5 27.8
Romania 65 (60) 10.1 29.9
Slovakia 62 (58 years 3–62 months) 21.1 37.5
Slovenia 64 years 4 months 2.9 12.8
Spain 65 years 3 months 18.8 38
Sweden 61–67 (65) 14.6 30.2
UK 65 (62 years 4 months) 18.3 47.6
  1. Sources:
  2. aFinnish Centre for Pensions (2015); http://www.etk.fi/en/the-pension-system-2/the-pension-system/international-comparison/retirement-ages/
  3. bThe gender pay gap is the difference in average gross hourly wage between men and women across the economy (the average gender pay gap in the EU is 16.1% based on the EU 28 provisional data; Ireland 2012 data) (Eurostat, 2013, 2016)
  4. cEurostat (2016); http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Gender_pay_gap_statistics#Further_Eurostat_information
  5. dThe gender overall earning gap is the difference between the average annual earnings between women and men. It takes into account three types of disadvantages women face: lower hourly earnings, working fewer hours in paid jobs and lower employment rates (for example when interrupting a career to take care of children or relatives) (the average gender overall earning gap in the EU is 41.1%) (Eurostat, 2010)
  6. eEuropean commission (2015); http://ec.europa.eu/justice/gender-equality/document/index_en.htm#pay
  7. fEurostat (2010); http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Gender_statistics
  8. gOECD (2015); http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/pensions-at-a-glance-2015/iceland_pension_glance-2015-58-en
  9. hEuropean commission (2015); http://ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/files/ad_2014_country_reports/2015-li-country_report_nd_final.pdf
  10. iEuropean commission (2013); http://ec.europa.eu/justice/gender-equality/files/epo_campaign/131218_epo_update_liechtenstein.pdf
  11. jData could not be located for Lichtenstein