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Table 1 Key characteristics of included articles

From: Scrutinizing screening: a critical interpretive review of primary care provider perspectives on mammography decision-making with average-risk women

Articlea Objective Setting Year and method of data collection Relevant outcome measuresb
Tudiver 2002 To determine perceptions of family physicians on unclear or conflicting guidelines including mammography for women aged 40–49, and what factors influence their decision to order these tests Canada 1999, National mailed survey with case vignettes Agreement with guideline statements; decision to order screening test; factors that influence this decision
Haggerty 2005 To compare the influence of family physicians’ recommendations and patients’ anxiety or expectations on the decision to order screening tests for which guidelines are conflicting, including mammography for women 40 to 49 Canada 1999, Secondary analysis of the survey from Tudiver [26] with clinical case vignettes Decision to order screening test; perceptions of mammography recommendations; physician perception of patients’ anxiety about cancer expectations to be tested
Meissner 2011 To explore the mammography screening beliefs, recommendations, and practices of primary care physicians in family medicine, general practice, internal medicine, and obstetrics/gynecology, for average-risk women aged 40–49 and over 50 USA September 2006 to May 2007, Nationally representative survey of PCP Influence of guidelines in clinical practice of PCP; beliefs about the effectiveness of 4 breast cancer screening tests in reducing breast cancer mortality in average-risk women; mammography recommendations to asymptomatic average-risk women; recommended frequency of mammography for women aged 40–49 years and aged > 50 years; age at which PCP no longer recommended screening for healthy women
Smith 2012 To determine family medicine residents’ fellows’ and staff physicians’ attitudes and behaviors towards breast cancer screening in average-risk women aged 40 to 49 Canada, Two academic family practice health centers No date reportede, Cross-sectional survey Screening initiation and frequency; reasons for offering and not offering screening; physicians’ perceptions of patients’ needs and understanding regarding mammography screening
Miller 2014 To examine family medicine, internal medicine, and obstetrics and gynecology physicians’ beliefs about the effectiveness of different tests for cancer screening in women 40 to 49 and 50–69 USA, Private practice and hospital November 2008 to January 2009, survey with data from Women’s Health Survey sent to a nationally representative sample of physicians Level of agreement with statements that tests were effective in screening for breast cancer; professional organizations influencing physicians’ cancer screening recommendations
Kiyang 2015 To assess the intention of family physicians to support women aged 50 to 69 (targeted by the QBCSPc) in making informed decisions about mammography, the determinants of this intention, and the factors that influence family physicians’ adoption of this supporting behavior Canada 2010, Questionnaire based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour post-attendance to a lecture on informed decision-making Physicians’ intentions to support women in making informed decisions about mammography screening; determinants of this intention and the barriers and facilitators to adopting this supportive attitude.
DuBenske 2017 To compare women’s and primary care physicians’ (Family medicine, Internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology) experiences of mammography screening shared decision-making with average-risk women aged 40 to 49. USA, Academic health center and clinics 2013, Patient focus groups with women aged 40 to 49 and interviews with primary care physicians Primary Care Physicians’ and patients’ experiences in mammography screening decision-making
Radhrakrishnan 2017 To assess the associations between screening recommendations and (1) physician specialty and (2) organizational trust USA 2016, National survey of primary care physicians Physicians’ screening recommendations; physicians’ most trusted screening guidelines
Radhakrishnan 2018d To investigate a broad range of attitudes and beliefs towards mammography screening, using factor analysis to group them into underlying themes USA 2016, National survey of primary care physicians Physician attitudes towards mammography screening for younger (45–49 years) and older (75+ years) women; recommendations for routine mammography
  1. aFirst author and year of publication
  2. bOnly the outcome measures relevant to the aims of this critical review are provided in this table
  3. cQuebec Breast Cancer Screening Program
  4. dOnly data concerning the younger group of women aged 45–49 were considered in this review
  5. eNo date reported in article. The first author was contacted by email October 26, 2017, but no reply was received by date of submission to the journal