Skip to main content

Table 1 Examples of common screening tests that are sometimes used outside of evidence-based recommendations [6]

From: Public health implications of overscreening for carotid artery stenosis, prediabetes, and thyroid cancer

Area Screening tests often ordered unnecessarily Common occurrences against (US) recommended clinical indications
Infectious diseases Hepatitis C antibody Screening outside of age group recommendations; those not at risk
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody Screening outside of age group recommendations; those not at risk
Herpes antibody Screening in general
Gonorrhea/chlamydia Screening outside age group recommendations; those not at risk
Human papilloma virus (HPV) Screening outside age group recommendations; those not at risk; disregard intervals
Cardiovascular diseases Electrocardiogram (EKG) Screening asymptomatic
Carotid doppler Screening asymptomatic
Ankle brachial index (ABI) Screening asymptomatic
Cardiac calcium score Screening asymptomatic
Abdominal aortic aneurysm ultrasound Screening those outside of risk group
Coronary angiography Screening asymptomatic groups
Lipids Disregard recommended intervals
Endocrine diseases Hemoglobin A1c Screening outside of risk group
Bone mineral density for osteoporosis screening Screening outside of age group/risk group; disregard recommended intervals
Cancer Ultrasound kidney cancer Screening in general
Thyroid function tests (TFTs) thyroid cancer Screening in general
Full body computed tomography (CT) Screening in general
Mammogram Screening outside of age group
Colorectal cancer screening Screening outside of age group; disregard recommended intervals
Prostate cancer Screening in general; outside of risk group