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Table 4 The effectiveness of interventions on increasing dairy consumption based on the study variables

From: Community-based interventions to increase dairy intake in healthy populations: a systematic review

Variable Subgroups Number of interventions Number of effective interventions
Country High-income countries 23 16
Low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) 2 2
Location/context of study Community 6 4
Schools 11 6
Healthcare centers 5 5
Supermarkets 3 3
Participants Children 2 0
Adolescents 17 12
Adults and elders 4 3
Supermarkets 3 3
Type of intervention Educational 19 13
Multiple 3 2
Change in purchase/sell or providing 3 3
Only dairy intake or multicomponent intervention Combination 19 14
Only dairy intake 6 4
Study duration 8 weeks and less 8 4
9 to 24 weeks 4 2
24 to 48 weeks 9 8
48 weeks and more 4 4
Intervention frequency Everyday 6 4
Every week 13 9
Every 2 weeks 4 4
Every month 1 1