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Table 3 Number of studies showing a beneficial, neutral or detrimental effect of cohousing on the health outcomes analysed

From: The effects of cohousing model on people’s health and wellbeing: a scoping review

  Beneficial Neutral Detrimental
Self-perceived physical and mental healtha 3 (Glass, 2012, 2009; Kehl and Then, 2013) 1 (Kehl and Then, 2013) 1 (Wasylishyn and Johnson, 1998)
Quality of life and well-being 5 (Choi and Paulsson, 2011; Cooper and Rodman, 1994; Labit, 2015; Nusbaum, 2010; Rodríguez-Alonso and Argemir, 2017) 1 (Altus and Mathews, 2002)  
Psychosocial determinants of health
Social supportb 20 (Bamford, 2005; Choi and Paulsson, 2011; Fromm, 2000; Glass, 2016, 2013, 2009; Glass and Vander Plaats, 2013; Jolanki and Vilkko, 2015; Kehl and Then, 2013; Labit, 2015; Labit and Dubost, 2016; Markle et al., 2015; Nusbaum, 2010; Pedersen, 2015; Philippsen, 2014; Rodríguez-Alonso and Argemir, 2017; Ruiu, 2015; Tchoukaleyska, 2011; Tyvimaa, 2011; Williams, 2005) 3 (Labit and Dubost, 2016; Motevasel, 2006; Wasylishyn and Johnson, 1998)  
Social isolation 5 (Glass, 2016; Glass and Vander Plaats, 2013; Motevasel, 2006; Tyvimaa, 2011; Wasylishyn and Johnson, 1998)   
Sense of communityc 10 (Fromm, 2000; Glass, 2016, 2013, 2009; Jolanki and Vilkko, 2015; Markle et al., 2015; Motevasel, 2006; Ruiu, 2015; Tchoukaleyska, 2011; Tyvimaa, 2011)   2 (Markle et al., 2015; Wasylishyn and Johnson, 1998)
Sense of security 9 (Bamford, 2005; Fromm, 2000; Glass, 2016; Glass and Vander Plaats, 2013; Jolanki and Vilkko, 2015; Pedersen, 2015; Ruiu, 2015; Tchoukaleyska, 2011; Wasylishyn and Johnson, 1998)   
  1. aKehl and Then, 2013. Article is included in the beneficial and neutral effects boxes. The article reported less use of health care service but no difference on self-perceived health differences
  2. bLabit and Dubost, 2016. Article is included in the beneficial and neutral effects boxes. The article reported more social support among inhabitants of the same generation and less evident social support across generations
  3. cMarkle et al., 2015. Article is included in the beneficial and detrimental effects boxes. The article reported contradictory effects that cannot be classified as neutral