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Table 3 Projected estimates of GDP for various African regions and individual countries before, currently, and post-COVID-19 outbreak [35, 47]

From: Race against death or starvation? COVID-19 and its impact on African populations

Gross domestic product Pre (2019) (%) During (2020) (%) Post (2021) (%)
Africa 2.4 − 2.4 to − 5.1 4.1
SSA 3.1 − 1.6 4.2
OE 1.7 − 2.9 2.5
Angola − 1.5 − 1.4 2.6
Chad 3 − 0.2 6.1
Gabon 3.4 − 1.2 3.6
Nigeria 2.2 − 3.4 2.6
DRC − 0.9 − 2.3 3.4
MIAC 2.3 − 3 4.9
Cameroon 3.7 − 1.2 4.1
Ivory Coast 6.9 2.7 8.7
Ghana 6.1 1.5 5.9
Senegal 5.3 3 5.5
South Africa 0.2 − 5.8 4
Zambia 1.5 − 3.5 2.3
LIAC 5.6 1.6 4.9
DRC 4.4 − 2.2 3.5
Ethiopia 9.0 3.2 4.3
Kenya 5.6 1 6.1
Madagascar 4.8 0.4 5.0
Mali 5.1 1.5 4.1
Tanzania 6.3 2 4.6
Rwanda 10.1 3.5 6.7
Uganda 4.9 3.5 4.3
  1. SSA Sub-Saharan Africa, OE Oil exporters, MIAC Middle-income countries, LIAC Low-income countries