Skip to main content

Table 4 Health, social, economic, and political impacts of COVID-19 in Africa [13, 41, 52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66, 69,70,71,72,73,74,75,76,77,78,79,80,81,82,83,84,85]

From: Race against death or starvation? COVID-19 and its impact on African populations

Type Impact
Health impact 1,039,678+ confirmed cases and 22,966+ deaths
Increased risk of morbidity and mortality among people with comorbidities, disabilities, and the elderly
Victimization of frontline healthcare workers and increased strain on under-resourced health systems
Lack of appropriate medical treatment infrastructure
Increased burden on existing diseases like HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, diarrhea, and lower respiratory tract infections
Social impact Breakdown in social cohesion following social distancing and interpersonal isolations
Majority of academic institution closed
Travel bans at international, national, and local levels
Food markets closed, limited access to food sources
Starvation increased among vulnerable communities
Religious gatherings restricted
Fear-borne isolation and discrimination created
Huma rights violation, growth in illegal practices such as increased crime
False news on social media leads communities to incorrect virus prevention responses
Exacerbated inequalities, victimization of women and the elderly
Economic impact Suspension of the aviation and shipping industries for goods and people
Primary, secondary, and tertiary industries affected by varying states of lockdown
Production of domestic products limited
Tourism industry paused and possibly affected long-term
Value of supply chains decreased
Import and exports diminished, affecting foreign revenue
Trade and industry suspended
Increased debt to address the pandemic
Supply and demand for certain products reduced
Financial recession/depression
Increase in unemployment with reduced per-capita income
Increased pressure on monetary and fiscal policies
Political impact Governmental, non-governmental, and private sector organizations closed
Countries shut their borders, preventing the movement of goods and services
Discrimination of refugees and immigrants increased
Evacuation of citizens to their home countries result in distrust among leaders
Postponement of national elections exacerbate conflicts and unrest
Implementation of measures like handwashing may not be appropriate for Africa