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  1. Content type: OriginalPaper

    When we consider the literature that has been produced exploring approaches to public health ethics, it is rare to find any mention of solidarity. One obvious conclusion is that solidarity is a meaningless or ...

    Authors: Angus Dawson and Bruce Jennings

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2012 34:4

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  2. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Fluoridation of community drinking water for prevention of dental caries commenced in the United States in 1945 and has become one of the major achievements of public health according to the US Center for Dise...

    Authors: Shlomo P. Zusman

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2012 34:6

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  3. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Background: Disregard of Hippocratic medical ethics by major leaders in the Public Health establishment and the leadership role played by physicians during the Nazi era in Germany (1933–1945) pose continuing cha...

    Authors: Jutta Lindert, Yael Stein, Hans Guggenheim, Jouni J. K. Jaakkola and Rael D. Strous

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2012 34:8

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  4. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Health promotion ethics is moral deliberation about health promotion and its practice. Although academics and practitioners have been writing about ethics, and especially values, in health promotion for decade...

    Authors: Stacy M. Carter, Alan Cribb and John P. Allegrante

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2012 34:9

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  5. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Public health ethics is gaining recognition as a vital topic for public health education. The subject was highlighted in a Delphi survey of future priorities of member schools of The Association of Schools of ...

    Authors: Carmen Aceijas, Caroline Brall, Peter Schröder-Bäck, Robert Otok, Els Maeckelberghe, Louise Stjernberg, Daniel Strech and Theodore H. Tulchinsky

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2012 34:10

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  6. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Background: Research ethics review practices vary considerably across countries and this variability poses a challenge for international research programmes. Although published guidelines exist, which describe u...

    Authors: Nancy Edwards, Sarah Viehbeck, Riitta-Maija Hämäläinen, Diana Rus, Thomas Skovgaard, Ien van de Goor, Adriana Valente, Ahmed Syed and Arja R. Aro

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2012 34:11

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  7. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Publication in peer-reviewed journals is a key part of advancement in science and a vital part of development of the scientific basis for public health practice. The process of publication should promote rigor...

    Authors: Selena Gray

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2012 34:12

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  8. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Vaccinations are one of public health’s greatest achievements. However, an ethical dilemma lies in the balance of personal autonomy and choice versus protection of the entire at risk population. Vaccines have ...

    Authors: Alvin Nelson El Amin, Michelle T. Parra, Robert Kim-Farley and Jonathan E. Fielding

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2012 34:14

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  9. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) contributes greatly to inequalities in health in Europe. The CVD death rate in Ukraine (the highest) is seven fold higher than in France (the lowest). There is also a striking diff...

    Authors: Andrzej Pająk and Magdalena Kozela

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391644

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  10. Content type: OriginalPaper

    In the United States in 1948, the newly formed National Heart Institute (NHI) responded to what its data showed as a rising tide of coronary heart disease (CHD) by underwriting new approaches to the elucidatio...

    Authors: Gerald M. Oppenheimer, Henry Blackburn and Pekka Puska

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391646

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  11. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Built environments that support walking and other physical activities have the potential to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD). Walkable neighborhoods—characterized by density, land use diversity, and well-co...

    Authors: Gina S. Lovasi, Stephanie Grady and Andrew Rundle

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391647

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  12. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Mediterranean-type diet patterns are consistently associated with reduced risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer in the general population. In contrast, several randomized controlled trials (RCT...

    Authors: David R. Jacobs, Linda C. Tapsell and Norman J. Temple

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391648

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  13. Content type: OriginalPaper

    We present a narrative review of the literature linking dietary salt intake with cardiovascular health outcomes in humans and list the tools and strategies to reduce salt intake at the population level. There ...

    Authors: Murielle Bochud, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Michel Burnier and Fred Paccaud

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391649

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  14. Content type: OriginalPaper

    On current consumption patterns, about 400 million adults worldwide will be killed by smoking between 2010 and 2050. Most of these deaths will occur among smokers currently alive. At least half will die at age...

    Authors: Prabhat Jha

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391651

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  15. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Social determinants of health can be understood as the social conditions in which individuals live and work; conditions that are shaped by the distribution of power, income and resources, as much on a global a...

    Authors: Thierry Lang, Benoit Lepage, Anne-Cécile Schieber, Sébastien Lamy and Michelle Kelly-Irving

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391652

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  16. Content type: OriginalPaper

    The European Agency for Accreditation in Public Health Education (APHEA) was launched in 2011. This followed nearly two decades of efforts in a variety of programmes supported by international donor agencies, ...

    Authors: Robert Otok, Ilana Levin, Stojgniew Sitko and Antoine Flahault

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391619

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  17. Content type: OriginalPaper

    It was against a background of no formal career path for public health officers that, in 1915, the seminal Welch-Rose Report1 outlined a system of public health education for the United States. The first schools ...

    Authors: Linda Rosenstock, Karen Helsing and Barbara K. Rimer

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391620

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  18. Content type: OriginalPaper

    The purpose of this article is to discuss some of the current challenges faced by European schools of public health. Perhaps most remarkable on the continent is the diversity, the magnitude, and the rapidity o...

    Authors: Fred Paccaud, Alison Weihofen and Sandra Nocera

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391621

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  19. Content type: OriginalPaper

    The relative risk of premature mortality of the population in Central and Eastern European (CEE) and Central Asian Republic (CAR) countries is more than twice as high (and up to four times higher for post-Sovi...

    Authors: Róza Ádany, Anita Villerusa, Jovanka Bislimovska and Maksut Kulzhanov

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391623

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  20. Content type: OriginalPaper

    The international non-governmental community has played a major role in developing schools of public health and continues to do so. Nearly a century ago, seminal investments of the Rockefeller Foundation playe...

    Authors: Judith W. Overall and Julien Goodman

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391626

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  21. Content type: OriginalPaper

    The strengthening of health systems is becoming increasingly recognized as necessary for the achievement of many objectives promoted or supported by global public health initiatives. Key within the effort to s...

    Authors: Dana Schneider, Michele Evering-Watley, Henry Walke and Peter B. Bloland

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391627

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  22. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Public health education in China and India has a long history that has been both deeply responsive to the unique needs and medical traditions of each country, and sensitive to global influences. The history of...

    Authors: Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Joseph D. Tucker, Sanjay Zodpey, Sian M. Griffiths, Li-Ming Li, K. Srinath Reddy, Myron S. Cohen, Miriam Gross, Kavya Sharma and Jin-Ling Tang

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391628

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  23. Content type: OriginalPaper

    The last century of innovative public health discoveries has led most of the world’s population to lead longer, healthier lives. Yet, the future holds some of the greatest public health challenges in mankind’s...

    Authors: Roberta B. Ness

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391629

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  24. Content type: OriginalPaper

    The goal and responsibility of graduate institutions of public health is to educate and train the public health workforce to address the challenges of Health for All in the 21st century and meet the Millennium...

    Authors: Yehuda Neumark, Orly Manor and Elliot M. Berry

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391631

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  25. Content type: OriginalPaper

    In Canada, in the last few years, there has been a very rapid expansion of programs and schools of public health in response to several crises or emergency situations. Provincial and national investigations co...

    Authors: Richard Massé and Brent Moloughney

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391633

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  26. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Maastricht University developed a new Bachelor programme in European Public Health in order to meet the challenges apparent in both the domain of public health as well as in the European higher education area....

    Authors: Tom Kuiper, André Meijer and Jos Moust

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391635

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  27. Content type: OriginalPaper

    Public health education in Bulgaria has developed strong traditions since the introduction of medical education in the country at the beginning of the 20th century. In the periods before and during the socialist ...

    Authors: Stoyanka Popova, Lora Georgieva and Yordanka Koleva

    Citation: Public Health Reviews 2011 33:BF03391637

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