Skip to main content

Advertisement

Editorial: Education for a Public Health Workforce in Europe and Globally

Article metrics

  • 351 Accesses

  • 7 Citations

Abstract

During the past century, public health has made major contributions to longer and better lives, through prevention and control of communicable and noncommunicable diseases and injuries, not only in industrialized nations but also worldwide. Public health, delivered through the organized efforts of society, benefitted from sanitation, food safety, new and improved vaccines, better nutrition, and successful health promotion that addressed many of the major causes of morbidity and mortality and an increasingly diverse array of public health challenges. One of the core functions of public health is to ensure an adequately organized, trained and supported workforce. In this issue, we address the educational context for training a multidisciplinary workforce to meet the needs of a public health community facing rapidly evolving responsibilities and challenges. Our objective is to promote discussion about effective policies on the public health workforce by governments, universities, schools, civil society, and the international health community, coupled with recognition of the centrality of this topic for their funding and development agendas. This is especially vital during a period of economic distress when there are cuts in public funding, even as threats to health are expanding as a consequence of increasingly global forces. The reviews and case reports in this issue show the diversity of experiences and identify some common themes for future development. Sharing the experience of different parts of the world in training public health workers will, we believe, promote analytic and constructive thinking and practices about curricula, competencies, bachelor’s level and postgraduate education, research needs, the role of government, professional and nongovernmental organizations, international accreditation and other important issues. This offers a basis for the coming decades to foster academic and practical environments that can provide a trained public health professional workforce in each country in Europe, and ultimately, globally.

References

  1. 1.

    Tulchinsky TH, Epstein L, Normand C (Editors). Proceedings of the International Conference on Developing New Schools of Public Health, Jerusalem, 17-21 March, 2002. Public Health Reviews. 2002;30:1–392.

  2. 2.

    McKee M. Foreward. Public Health Reviews. 2002;30:5–10.

  3. 3.

    Beaglehole R, Dal Poz MR. Public health workforce: challenges and policy issues. Hum Resour Health. 2003;1:4.

  4. 4.

    World Health Organization. World Health Report 2006: Human Resources for Health. WHO, Geneva. 2006.

  5. 5.

    Frenk J, Chen L, Bhutta Z, Cohen J, Crisp N, Evans T, et al. Health professionals for a new century: transforming education to strengthen health systems in an interdependent world. Lancet. 2010;376(9756): 1923–1958.

  6. 6.

    Henderson DA. Preface: On the eradication of smallpox and a public health career. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:19–29.

  7. 7.

    Paccaud F, Weihofen A, Nocera S. Public health education in Europe: old and new challenges. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:66–86.

  8. 8.

    Cole K, Sim F, Hogan H. The evolution of public health education and training in the United Kingdom. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:87–104.

  9. 9.

    Adany R, Villerusa A, Bislimovska J, Kulzhanov M. Public health education in Central and Eastern Europe, and Central Asia. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:105–133.

  10. 10.

    Noack H. Governance and capacity building in German and Austrian public health since the 1950s. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:264–276.

  11. 11.

    Rosenstock L, Helsing K, Rimer BK. Public health education in the United States: then and now. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:39–65.

  12. 12.

    Mass’ R, Moloughney B. New era for schools of public health in Canada. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:277–288.

  13. 13.

    Aceijas C, Foster N. Public health capacity building in times of austerity: a case study from the University of East London. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:240–250.

  14. 14.

    Kuiper T, Meijer A, Moust J. Innovation in public health teaching: the Maastricht experience. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:300–314.

  15. 15.

    Pino P, Solimano G. The School of Public Health at the University of Chile: origins, evolution, and perspectives. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:315–322.

  16. 16.

    Magaña-Valladares L, Cooper K. The National Institute of Public Health: shaping public policy to advance population health in Mexico. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:331–338.

  17. 17.

    Popova S, Georgieva L, Koleva Y. Development of public health education in Bulgaria. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:323–330.

  18. 18.

    Neumark Y, Manor O, Berry EM. Promoting public health workforce training for developing and transitional countries: fifty-year experience of the Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:251–263.

  19. 19.

    Birt CA, Foldspang A. The developing role of systems of competences in public health education and practice. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:134–147.

  20. 20.

    Calhoun G, Wrobel, CA, Finnegan JR. Current state in U.S. public health competency-based graduate education. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:148–167.

  21. 21.

    Overall JW, Goodman J. The role of non-governmental organizations in development of schools of public health: an example from Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:168–189.

  22. 22.

    Ness RB. Public health research Priorities for the Future. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:225–239.

  23. 23.

    Schneider D, Evering-Watley M, Walke H, Bloland PB. Training the global public health workforce through applied epidemiology training programs: CDC’s experience, 1951–2011. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:190–203.

  24. 24.

    Kimberly JR. Preparing leaders in public health for success in a flatter, more distributed and collaborative world. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:289–299.

  25. 25.

    Bangdiwala S, Tucker J, Zodpey S, Griffiths S, Li LM, Reddy KS, Cohen M, Gross M, Sharma K, Tang JL. Public health education in India and China: history, opportunities, and challenges. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:204–224.

  26. 26.

    McKee M, Hurst L, Aldridge RW, Raine R, Mindell JS, Wolfe I, Holland WW. Public health in England: an option for the way forward? Lancet. 2011;378: 536–539.

  27. 27.

    Gotsadze G, Chikovani I, Goguadze K, Balabanova D, McKee M. Reforming sanitary epidemiological service in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union: an exploratory study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2010;10:440.

  28. 28.

    McKee M, Suhrcke M. Investing in health: a contribution to achievement of the Lisbon Agenda. European Review. 2010;18: 9–21.

  29. 29.

    Murray LR. Future of public health workforce lies in better education, training: perspectives of the president of APHA. The Nation’s Health. 2011;41:3.

  30. 30.

    Otok R, Levin I, Sitko S, Flahault A. European Accreditation of Public Health Education. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:30–8.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Theodore H. Tulchinsky MD MPH.

Additional information

Recommended Citation: Tulchinsky TH, McKee M. Education for a Public Health Workforce in Europe and Globally. Public Health Reviews. 2011;33:7–15.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Tulchinsky, T.H., McKee, M. Editorial: Education for a Public Health Workforce in Europe and Globally. Public Health Rev 33, 7–15 (2011) doi:10.1007/BF03391617

Download citation

Key Words

  • Health profession education
  • public health workforce
  • European health
  • global health