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Table 1 Characteristics of studies on the aggregate effect of structural adjustment programmes on child health

From: Structural adjustment programmes adversely affect vulnerable populations: a systematic-narrative review of their effect on child and maternal health

  Outcome measure IFI Study period Sampling Study setting Addresses selection bias Analysis Effect of structural adjustment
Coburn, Restivo and Shandra, 2015 Infant mortality AfDB 1990–2006 5-yearly 31 African countries Yes Fixed-effects OLS regression Detrimental
Shandra, Shandra and London, 2012 Infant mortality IMF 1990–2005 5-yearly 32 African countries Yes Fixed-effects OLS regression Detrimental
Hajro and Joyce, 2009 Infant mortality IMF 1985–2000 5-yearly 82 developing countries Yes Fixed-effects OLS regression Beneficial for non-concessionary loans in interaction with economic growth and no association for concessionary loans
Shandra, Nobles, London and Williamson, 2004 Infant mortality IMF 1980–1997 Two-point 59 developing countries No Lagged dependent panel regression Detrimental in interaction with democracy
Noorbakhsh and Noorbakhsh, 2006 Infant mortality World Bank 1975–1998 5-yearly 33 African countries No OLS regression No association
Oliver, 2006 Infant mortality and under-5 mortality IMF and World Bank 1980–2000 N/A Argentina and Uruguay No Comparative case study Detrimental
Pandolfelli and Shandra, 2013 Child mortality AfDB 1990–2005 5-yearly 35 African countries Yes Random-effects generalised least-squares regression Detrimental
Shandra, Shandra and London, 2011 Child mortality World Bank 1990–2005 5-yearly 31 African countries No Fixed-effects OLS regression Detrimental
Pongou, Salomon and Ezzati, 2006 Child malnutrition and maternal health-seeking behaviours IMF and World Bank 1991–1998 Pooled two-point 1587 and 1923 children in Cameroon No OLS regression Detrimental
Daoud, Nosrati, Reinsberg, Kentikelenis, Stubbs and King, 2017 Child malnourishment IMF c2000 Cross-sectional stratified 67 developing countries, with 1, 941, 734 children Yes Multi-level logistic regression Detrimental in interaction with parental education