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Table 6 The references of the national recommendations for breast, cervical, colorectal, prostate, skin, and lung cancer screening by country

From: Cancer screening recommendations: an international comparison of high income countries

Country Reference Year of recommendation or most recent update
Breast cancer
 United States (USPSTF) https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/UpdateSummaryFinal/breast-cancer-screening1 2016
 United States (ACS) https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer/screening-tests-and-early-detection/american-cancer-society-recommendations-for-the-early-detection-of-breast-cancer.html 2015
 United States (ACOG) http://www.acog.org/About-ACOG/News-Room/Practice-Advisories/Practice-Advisory-Breast-Cancer-Screening 2017
 United States (ACR) https://www.acr.org/Advocacy-and-Economics/ACR-Position-Statements/Breast-Cancer-Screening-for-Average-Risk-Women 2017
 Luxembourg (Ministry of Health) https://plancancer.lu/about/depistage/cancer-du-sein/depistage-actuel-cancer-du-sein/ NA
 Switzerland (League Against Cancer) https://www.liguecancer.ch/prevenir-le-cancer/depistage-et-prevention-du-cancer/cancer-du-sein/depistage-par-mammographie/ https://www.swisscancerscreening.ch/fr/cancer-du-sein/informations-generales/mammographie 2016
 Norway (Cancer Registry of Norway) https://www.kreftregisteret.no/en/screening/Breast-Cancer-Screening-Programme 2010
 Netherlands (NIPHE) http://www.rivm.nl/en/Topics/B/Breast_cancer_screening_programme 2017
 Germany (Federal Joint Committee) https://www.g-ba.de/institution/themenschwerpunkte/frueherkennung/krebsfrueherkennung/ 2015
 Sweden (National Board of Health and Welfare) http://www.socialstyrelsen.se/riktlinjer/nationellascreeningprogram/brostcancer-screeningmedmammog 2013
 Ireland (National Screening Service) http://www.screeningservice.ie/screening.html NA
 Austria (Austrian Cancer Aid Society) https://www.krebshilfe.net/information/krebs-vorsorge/mammografie-screening/ https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/major_chronic_diseases/docs/2017_cancerscreening_2ndreportimplementation_en.pdf 2014
 Denmark (National Board of Health) https://www.sst.dk/da/udgivelser/2014/~/media/31CB15B2A39E4A3EB198B9486F66B4A2.ashx 2014
 Belgium (Foundation Against Cancer) http://www.cancer.be/les-cancers/types-de-cancers/cancer-du-sein/examens 2017
 Canada (CTFPHC) http://canadiantaskforce.ca/guidelines/published-guidelines/breast-cancer/ 2011
 Australia (Australian Government Department of Health) http://www.cancerscreening.gov.au/internet/screening/publishing.nsf/Content/breast-screening-1 2015
 France (National Cancer Institute) http://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Depistage-et-detection-precoce/Depistage-du-cancer-du-sein/Orienter-vos-patientes 2015
 Japan (National Cancer Center) http://canscreen.ncc.go.jp/guideline/nyugan.html 2016
 Iceland (Icelandic Cancer Society) https://www.krabb.is/leitarstod/um-leitarstodina/af-hverju-brjostakrabbameinsleit/leit-ad-krabbameini-i-brjostum-1 NA
 UK (UK National Screening Committee) https://legacyscreening.phe.org.uk/breastcancer http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/breast-cancer-screening/Pages/When-its-offered.aspx 2012
 Finland (Cancer Society of Finland) https://www.cancer.fi/syoparekisteri/en/mass-screening-registry/breast_cancer_screening/screening_programme/ https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/major_chronic_diseases/docs/2017_cancerscreening_2ndreportimplementation_en.pdf 2010
 New Zealand (Ministry of Health) https://www.nsu.govt.nz/breastscreen-aotearoa/what-breast-cancer 2014
 Italy (National Screening Observatory) http://www.osservatorionazionalescreening.it/sites/default/files/allegati/ONS_2015_full.pdf 2015
 Spain (Cancer Strategy of National Health System) http://www.msps.es/organizacion/sns/planCalidadSNS/pdf/ActualizacionEstrategiaCancer.pdf 2009
Cervical cancer
 United States (USPSTF) https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/UpdateSummaryFinal/cervical-cancer-screening 2012
 United States (ACS) https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cervical-cancer/prevention-and-early-detection/cervical-cancer-screening-guidelines.html 2016
 United States (ACOG) http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Cervical-Cancer-Screening 2016
 Luxembourg (Ministry of Health) https://plancancer.lu/about/depistage/cancer-du-col-de-luterus/depistage-actuel-cancer-du-col-de-luterus/  
 Switzerland (League Against Cancer) https://www.liguecancer.ch/prevenir-le-cancer/depistage-et-prevention-du-cancer/cancer-du-col-de-luterus/prevention-et-depistage-du-cancer-du-col-de-luterus/ 2010
 Norway (Cancer Registry of Norway) https://www.kreftregisteret.no/en/screening/Cervical-Cancer-Screening-Programme/ https://www.kreftregisteret.no/globalassets/masseundersokelsen-mot-livmorhalskreft/algoritme-hpv-test-i-primarscreening-ny-april-2015.jpg 2010
 Netherlands (NIPHE) http://www.rivm.nl/en/Topics/C/Cervical_cancer_screening_programme 2015
 Germany (Federal Joint Committee) https://www.g-ba.de/institution/themenschwerpunkte/frueherkennung/krebsfrueherkennung/ 2015
 Sweden (National Board of Health and Welfare) http://www.socialstyrelsen.se/riktlinjer/nationellascreeningprogram/livmoderhalscancer-screeningme 2014
 Ireland (National Screening Service) http://www.screeningservice.ie/cervical.html 2009
 Austria (Austrian Cancer Aid Society) https://www.krebshilfe.net/information/krebs-vorsorge/frauen/ NR
 Denmark (National Board of Health) https://www.sst.dk/da/udgivelser/2014/~/media/31CB15B2A39E4A3EB198B9486F66B4A2.ashx 2014
 Belgium (Foundation Against Cancer) http://www.cancer.be/les-cancers-types-de-cancers-liste-z-cancer-du-col-de-lut-rus/examens 2017
 Canada (CTFPHC) http://canadiantaskforce.ca/guidelines/published-guidelines/cervical-cancer/ 2013
 Australia (Australian Government Department of Health) http://www.cancerscreening.gov.au/internet/screening/publishing.nsf/Content/cervical-screening-1 2017
 France (National Cancer Institute) http://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Depistage-et-detection-precoce/Depistage-du-cancer-du-col-de-l-uterus/Le-depistage-par-frottis-cervico-uterin 2017
 Japan (National Cancer Center) http://canscreen.ncc.go.jp/guideline/shikyukeigan.html http://canscreen.ncc.go.jp/guideline/shikyukeigan_eng.pdf 2010
 Iceland (Icelandic Cancer Society) https://www.krabb.is/leitarstod/um-leitarstodina/af-hverju-leghalskrabbameinsleit/spurningar-og-svor-um-leghalskrabbameinsleit-1?CacheRefresh=1 https://www.krabb.is/english/ NR
 UK (UK National Screening Committee) https://legacyscreening.phe.org.uk/cervicalcancer http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Cervical-screening-test/Pages/Introduction.aspx 2016
 Finland (Cancer Society of Finland) https://www.cancer.fi/syoparekisteri/en/mass-screening-registry/cervical_cancer_screening/screening_programme/ https://www.cancer.fi/syoparekisteri/en/mass-screening-registry/cervical_cancer_screening/screening_programme/new_screening_technologies/ 2010
 New Zealand (Ministry of Health) https://www.nsu.govt.nz/national-cervical-screening-programme/about-cervical-screening-programme 2014
 Italy (National Screening Observatory) http://www.osservatorionazionalescreening.it/sites/default/files/allegati/ONS_2015_full.pdf 2015
 Spain (Cancer Strategy of National Health System) http://www.msps.es/organizacion/sns/planCalidadSNS/pdf/ActualizacionEstrategiaCancer.pdf 2009
Colorectal cancer
 Australia (Australian Government Department of Health) http://www.cancerscreening.gov.au/internet/screening/publishing.nsf/Content/bowel-screening-1 2016
 Austria (Austrian Cancer Care) https://www.krebshilfe.net/information/krebs-vorsorge/frauen/ N/A
 Belgium (Foundation Against Cancer) http://www.cancer.be/les-cancers/types-de-cancers/cancer-du-gros-intestin-colorectal/examens 2017
 Canada (Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care) https://canadiantaskforce.ca/guidelines/published-guidelines/colorectal-cancer/ 2016
 Denmark (National Board of Health) https://www.sst.dk/da/udgivelser/2014/~/media/31CB15B2A39E4A3EB198B9486F66B4A2.ashx 2014
 Finland (Cancer Society of Finland) https://www.cancer.fi/@Bin/43261157/Sy%C3%B6p%C3%A4_Esite_Eng_Nettiin_080701.pdf 2010
 France (Institut National du Cancer) http://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Depistage-et-detection-precoce/Depistage-du-cancer-colorectal/Le-programme-de-depistage-organise 2015
 Germany (Federal Joint Committee) https://www.g-ba.de/institution/themenschwerpunkte/frueherkennung/ueberblick/ 2017
 Iceland (Icelandic Cancer Society) https://www.krabb.is/media/milliforsida/RISTILKRABBAMEIN-Sunna-Gudlaugsdottir.pdf 2015
 Ireland (National Screening Service) http://www.screeningservice.ie/bowel-screening.html 2012
 Italy (National Screening Observatory) https://www.osservatorionazionalescreening.it/sites/default/files/allegati/ONS_2015_full.pdf 2015
 Japan (National Cancer Center) http://canscreen.ncc.go.jp/guideline/daicyougan.html 2016
 Luxembourg (Ministry of Health) https://plancancer.lu/about/depistage/cancer-colorectal/objectifs-plan-cancer/ 2016
 Netherlands (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment) http://www.rivm.nl/Onderwerpen/B/Bevolkingsonderzoek_darmkanker 2014
 New Zealand (Ministry of Health) http://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/diseases-and-conditions/cancer-programme/bowel-cancer-programme/national-bowel-screening-programme 2017
 Norway (Cancer Registry of Norway) https://www.kreftregisteret.no/en/screening/Screening-for-colorectal-cancer/ 2012
 Spain (Cancer Strategy of National Health System) http://www.msps.es/organizacion/sns/planCalidadSNS/pdf/ActualizacionEstrategiaCancer.pdf 2009
 Sweden (National Board of Health and Welfare) http://www.socialstyrelsen.se/riktlinjer/nationellascreeningprogram/tjock-ochandtarmscancer-screen 2014
 Switzerland (League against Cancer) https://www.liguecancer.ch/prevenir-le-cancer/depistage-et-prevention-du-cancer/cancer-de-lintestin/programme-de-depistage-du-cancer-de-lintestin/ 2013
 United Kingdom (UK National Screening Committee) https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/538524/Screening_in_the_UK___making_effective_recommendations_2015_to_2016_180716_final.pdf 2016
 United States (American Cancer Society) https://www.cancer.org/cancer/colon-rectal-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/acs-recommendations.html 2017
 United States (American College of Gastroenterology) http://gi.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/ajg2017174a.pdf 2017
 United States (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force) https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/RecommendationStatementFinal/colorectal-cancer-screening2#tab 2016
Prostate cancer
 Australia (Australian Government Department of Health) http://www.cancerscreening.gov.au/internet/screening/publishing.nsf/Content/prostate-cancer-screening 2017
 Austria (Austrian Cancer Care) https://www.krebshilfe.net/information/krebs-vorsorge/maenner/ 2015
 Belgium (Foundation Against Cancer) http://www.cancer.be/les-cancers/types-de-cancers/cancer-de-la-prostate/examens 2017
 Canada (Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care) https://canadiantaskforce.ca/guidelines/published-guidelines/prostate-cancer/ 2014
 Denmark (National Board of Health) No available recommendations concerning prostate cancer  
 Finland (Cancer Society of Finland) No available recommendations concerning prostate cancer  
 France (Institut National du Cancer) http://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Depistage-et-detection-precoce/Depistage-du-cancer-de-la-prostate 2016
 Germany (Federal Joint Committee) https://www.g-ba.de/institution/themenschwerpunkte/frueherkennung/ueberblick/ 2017
 Iceland (Icelandic Cancer Society) https://www.krabb.is/fraedsla-forvarnir/krabbamein-a-o/blodruhalskirtilskrabbamein/ 2016
 Ireland (National Screening Service) No available recommendations concerning prostate cancer  
 Italy (National Screening Observatory) No available recommendations concerning prostate cancer  
 Japan (National Cancer Center) http://canscreen.ncc.go.jp/guideline/zenritsusengan.html 2009
 Luxembourg (Ministry of Health) https://plancancer.lu/about/depistage/cancer-de-la-prostate/ 2014
 Netherlands (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment) No available recommendations concerning prostate cancer  
 New Zealand (Ministry of Health) http://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/diseases-and-conditions/cancer-programme/prostate-cancer-programme 2016
 Norway (Cancer Registry of Norway) No available recommendations concerning prostate cancer  
 Spain (Cancer Strategy of National Health System) http://www.msps.es/organizacion/sns/planCalidadSNS/pdf/ActualizacionEstrategiaCancer.pdf 2009
 Sweden (National Board of Health and Welfare) http://www.socialstyrelsen.se/riktlinjer/nationellascreeningprogram/prostatacancer-screeningmedpsa 2016
 Switzerland (League against Cancer) https://www.liguecancer.ch/prevenir-le-cancer/depistage-et-prevention-du-cancer/depistage-du-cancer-de-la-prostate/ 2015
 United Kingdom (UK National Screening Committee) https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/538524/Screening_in_the_UK___making_effective_recommendations_2015_to_2016_180716_final.pdf 2016
 United States (American Cancer Society) https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/early-detection/acs-recommendations.html 2016
 United States (American Urological Association) https://www.auanet.org/guidelines/early-detection-of-prostate-cancer-(2013-reviewed-and-validity-confirmed-2015) 2015
 United States (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force) https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/UpdateSummaryFinal/prostate-cancer-screening 2012
Skin cancer
 United States (USPSTF) https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/UpdateSummaryFinal/skin-cancer-screening2 2016
 United States (ACS) https://www.cancer.org/cancer/skin-cancer/prevention-and-early-detection/skin-exams.html 2016
 Germany (Federal Joint Committee) https://www.g-ba.de/institution/themenschwerpunkte/frueherkennung/krebsfrueherkennung/ 2017
 Austria (Austrian Cancer Aid Society) https://www.krebshilfe.net/information/krebs-vorsorge/frauen/ NA
 France (National Cancer Institute) http://www.e-cancer.fr/Professionnels-de-sante/Depistage-et-detection-precoce/Detection-precoce-des-cancers-de-la-peau/Aide-pour-votre-pratique 2016
Lung cancer
 United States (USPSTF) https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/UpdateSummaryFinal/lung-cancer-screening 2013
 United States (ACS) https://www.cancer.org/health-care-professionals/american-cancer-society-prevention-early-detection-guidelines/lung-cancer-screening-guidelines.html 2013
 Canada (CTFPHC) http://canadiantaskforce.ca/guidelines/published-guidelines/lung-cancer/ 2016
 Australia (Australian Government Department of Health) http://www.cancerscreening.gov.au/internet/screening/publishing.nsf/Content/lung-cancer-screening 2015
 Japan (National Cancer Center) http://canscreen.ncc.go.jp/guideline/haigan.html NA
 UK (UK National Screening Committee) https://legacyscreening.phe.org.uk/lungcancer 2006