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Table 1 The “5 Ds +” of incitement

From: Incitement, genocide, genocidal terror, and the upstream role of indoctrination: can epidemiologic models predict and prevent?

DehumanizationDehumanization is used by perpetrators to evoke feelings of loathing, contempt, and revulsion, often by comparing or identifying the target with nonhuman species or diseases.
DemonizationBlaming the target for the perpetrators personal misfortunes or those of his/her group and/or provoking feelings of fear towards a specific group.
DelegitimizationDenying the existence or history of the other group, and/or accusing the target of extreme criminal acts.
DisinformationPresenting false or partial information with the intent to malign.
DenialNegating historical facts or denying past atrocities.
ThreatsStatements of intent to inflict pain, injury, damage, or other hostile action on groups or individuals.
Glorification of terrorInvoking well-known perpetrators of genocidal violence as role models (such as the memorializing “martyrs” or financial compensation for families of “martyrs” or terrorists)