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Table 1 Description of studies included by year of publication, country, methods and number of cohousing projects studied, as well as description of cohousing projects by year of creation, country, age target and co-ownership status dimension and the health outcomes analysed

From: The effects of cohousing model on people’s health and wellbeing: a scoping review

  N (%)
a) Characteristics of the studies 25 100.0
Year of publication
  Before 1990 0 0.0
  1990-2000 3 12.0
  2001-2010 6 24.0
  After 2010 16 64.0
Methods
 Quantitative 5 20.0
 - Cross-sectional with comparison group 2  
 - Cross-sectional without comparison group 3  
 Qualitative* 10 40.0
 - In-depth interviews 6  
 - Semi-structured interviews 4  
 - Group discussion 1  
 - Participant observation 3  
 Mixed methods 10 40.0
 - Quantitative
  - Longitudinal without comparison group 3  
  - Cross-sectional with comparison group 2  
  - Cross-sectional without comparison group 5  
 - Qualitative**
  - Longitudinal in-depth interviews 3  
  - In-depth interviews 4  
  - Semi-structured interviews 3  
  - Group discussion 1  
  - Participant observation 1  
Number of projects included per document
 1 9 36.0
 2-5 11 44.0
 +5 3 12.0
 Unknown 2 8.0
b) Characteristics of cohousing projects studied 77 100.0
Year of cohousing projects creation
 Before 1990
 1990-2000
19
17
25.0
22.0
 2001-2010 30 39.0
 After 2010 4 5.0
 Unknown 7* 9.0
Country of cohousing projects
 Canada 18 23.0
 Europe 41 53.0
 USA 18 23.0
Age target
 Intergenerational 48 62.0
 Elderly 29 38.0
Co-ownership tenure
 No 50 65.0
 Yes 27 35.0
c) Health related outcomes*** 25 100.00
 Self-perceived physical and mental health 4 16.0
 Quality of life and well-being 6 24.0
 Psychosocial determinants of health   
  -Social support 22 88.0
  - Social isolation 5 20.0
  -Sense of community 11 44.0
d) Effects of cohousing on the health outcomes analysed 25  
 Self-perceived physical and mental health
 - Beneficial 3  
 - Neutral 1  
 - Detrimental 1  
 Total**** 4  
 Quality of life and well-being   
 - Beneficial 5  
 - Neutral 1  
 - Detrimental 0  
 Total 6  
 Psychosocial determinants of health
 - Beneficial 22  
 - Neutral 3  
 - Detrimental 2  
 Total**** 22  
  1. *Four studies used more than one qualitative research technique
  2. **Two studies used more than one qualitative research technique
  3. ***Several studies considered more than one type of health-related outcomes; the percentage corresponds to the number of studies in which the health outcome was analysed
  4. ****Several studies reported more than one type of health-related outcomes; furthermore, three studies reported different health effects on the same health outcome because they analysed different subpopulations or different indicators